Sunday, August 23, 2020

I and Thou Essay

Present paper participates in basic assessment of essential ideas, perceptions and thoughts, made by well known Jewish author and thinker Martin Buber in his book ‘I and Thou’. Buber’s book is frequently referenced as one of the significant impacts in Western philosophical writing of the twentieth century. In particular, the way of thinking of discourse, advanced by Buber reverberated with and impacted comparable commitment of such logicians and studies, as Levinas, Bakthtine, existentialist scholar (Sartre) and others. In view of the investigation of Buber’s thoughts and their general philosophical setting of the time, present exposition protects the theory that Buber’s reasoning ought to be viewed as an idealistic task, described by the dreamer vision of human culture and nature and powerlessness to discover answer for genuine social logical inconsistencies. I and Thou In his investigation of ‘I’ in contemporary world Buber centers around exemplary convention of the way of thinking of cognizance, got from Descartes and Kant. In this convention ‘I’ is comprehended as unadulterated subject of self-ruling explanation and moral activities. The curiosity of Buber’s commitment is that he attempts to rationalistically interface individual ‘I’ with Other (Thou). In contrast to prior endeavors of Hegel and Husserl, Buber’s endeavor is portrayed by profound impacts of Judaism strict custom. Fundamentally, Buber conceptualizes the double resistance of I and Thou as the wellspring of any human connections in reality. Rather than ‘I’ relationship with ‘It’ (an article), ‘I’ â€â€˜Thou’ pair is described with crossing point and trade between various awareness, both individual (human) and target (God). God is alluded to by Buber as Eternal Thou, one that develops the firmest bind with ‘I’. ‘It’ †‘It’ relationship is viewed by Buber as the relationship which might be estimated by the amount of the articles we have in our day by day life (Buber, 34). This relationship isn't private and cognizant. Interestingly, â€Å"I†-‘Thou† is a living connection between individuals enduring as long as someone else is available in physical closeness and awareness. The nearness of a person close to another individual consequently brings about the work of ‘I’-‘Thou’ relationship regardless of whether it not saw deliberately. Profound connection between various subjects (‘I’ and ‘Thou’) is the essential law of human presence when all is said in done. Buber attempts to decipher this law utilizing hermeneutic strategy. He contends that even in language, saying ‘Thou’ infers tending to your words and emotions to a given individual and consequently, ‘Thou’ can not be disengaged from awareness †it establishes its unmistakable part. Utilizing case of a tree, Buber shows that despite our point of view, a tree would consistently be an Object for us, since it needs cognizance: â€Å"I can repress its genuine nearness and structure so harshly that I remember it just as a declaration of law. † (Buber, 51). Buber contends that I-Thou relationship can not be appropriately clarified †it is best explained by the idea of Love, reflected in God. God become ‘Thou’ when he is legitimately spoken as well. As per Buber, God is available in each part of human cognizance including expressions, culture and music. In this manner, I-Thou relationship discovers its outmost acknowledgment in the connection among God and an Individual. Investigate of Buber’s thoughts Notwithstanding positive job of Buber’s thoughts in the development of 20-th century existentialism and humanist way of thinking of Dialog, one should highlight pivotal downsides and lacks of Buber’s thoughts and approach. As it was noted in the presentation, we can't help suspecting that Buber falls into the snare of optimism and utopianism in the clarification of genuine human relations. Additionally, his utilization of strict convention of Judaism in tending to true connections may likewise appear to present day specialists risky. As a matter of first importance, human connections in Buber’s book are conceptualized through the crystal of individual awareness, a methodology that was progressive in 18 and 19-th hundreds of years, yet essentially fell behind present day advancements in social brain research, social and political theories. Buber treats human relations at the degree of individual cognizance, notwithstanding, it negates observational realities, which contend that singular conduct is intervened and impacted by social codes, conventions, foundations, for example, family, law, working association, instruction and so forth. To state that human connections might be decreased to digest thoughts of ‘I’ and ‘Thou’ implies maintaining a strategic distance from troublesome issues of social jobs, positions different variables. To state it evidently, in Buber’s idea ‘I’ is a theoretical thought †it's anything but a genuine, recorded person, but instead a specific philosophical idea. In addition, it appears to be dangerous to contend that ‘I’ is unadulterated in its will and musings. Psychoanalytic way to deal with human subjectivity distinctively exhibited that human cognizance is impacted by sub-cognizant dangerous powers, regularly obscure by a person. There is no preventing the significance from claiming the reality, that Buber’s translation of ‘I’ â€â€˜Thou’ relations as the grouping of adoration, connection is likewise optimist generally. Such translation neglects to see national, class and sexual orientation logical inconsistency, which isolate distinctive people. Strict understanding of God as ‘Eternal Thou’ likewise appears to be disputable according to logical perspective. Buber contends that God is available in each circle of human life, including writing, music and culture. In any case, these are made by men and consequently, no job of God in their development is obvious. In addition, it appears to be risky to contend that God as seen in Judaic custom is the outflow of affection and intimateness. As Old Testament proposes, God was somewhat a defender of endless laws, who rebuffed individuals for non-abidance, instead of was a focal point of general love. Despite these clear downsides and inconsistencies, one should highlight vital commitment of Buber’s book to Western way of thinking. Regardless of how idealistic and dreamer, Buber’s theory end up being especially instrumental in the advancement of French existentialism and Russian school of abstract investigate. Buber’s point of view on world as a between emotional relationship discovered its further advancement in the way of thinking of Sartre, Kamu and other French rationalist. Levinas utilized Buber’s theory of exchange in the examination oral discourse and story language. Resembling this turn of events, Russian artistic scrutinize Bakthtine utilized Buber’s thoughts in his investigation of Dostoevsky’s heroes through the crystal of their dialogical relations at the degree of cognizance. The last, yet not the least, it ought to be referenced, that Buber’s ideas were the central of humanist way of thinking in the twentieth century. Despite their romantic and idealistic nature they filled in as regulative thoughts of conduct for a few ages of intelligent people, including such famous as Erich Fromm and Herbert Marcuse. To summarize it, Buber’s book â€Å"I and Thou’ furnishes current scientist with new ideas and thoughts, huge numbers of which appear to be questionable and incomprehensible. Fundamental inadequacies found in Buber’s theory are connected with his utopianism and optimism and absence of regard for present day improvements in sociology, social brain research. The pointless decrease of human culture to singular level makes it difficult to see a more extensive picture of between bunch relations and general social foundations job in human conduct. Despite these insufficiencies, Buber’s book gives a wellspring of fascinating and thought-provocative perusing.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Qantas Airline Management Service Marketing †

Question: Talk about the Qantas Airline Management Service Marketing. Answer: Presentation Qantas Airlines portrays itself as probably the most world most experienced aircraft that offers exceptional administrations everywhere throughout the globe. The carrier has flight courses everywhere throughout the world and its prosperity has been credited to business methods that are utilized to oversee administration quality and client requests that continue expanding (Qantas, 2016, P. 1). Through its reciprocal carrier brands of Jetstar and Qantas, clients the aircraft gives clients distinctive help characteristics dependent on their moderateness. This paper investigations Qantas aircraft business and the strategies used to oversee quality and request from clients. Investigate of the aircrafts administration outline, A help blue print is an operational device for giving direction on how benefits inside the association are given. This determines physical proof, staff activities and other emotionally supportive networks required to offer quality assistance (Flieb Kleinaltenkamp, 2004, P. 395). A few associations utilize the administration blue print to dragonize operational proficiency and create arrangements. Qantas aircraft works on a help blue print with five principle regions of physical proof, client and activities, in front of an audience worker contact, behind the stage representative contact and bolster forms (see index 1.). This blue print shows various exercises that happen inside the procedure of administration the client. Be that as it may, it needs examination frameworks where clients can give criticism about the administration that they get. Be that as it may, it would have worked better if the client was mentioned to give criticism before they land the plane. This will maintain a strategic distance from inclinations and guarantee that clients dont neglect to give their criticism. Then again, all the exercises are connected to top administration as opposed to connecting to line chiefs who at that point connect to the top administration. This facilitates dynamic and guarantees that client issues are settled on schedule. Servicescape procedure Servicescape procedure is a model that focusses on the effect of nature and the manner in which the conduct of individuals inside the business setting prompts achieving of business objectives. This has hierarchical advantages through impacts on client discernments about the administration that they get (Hoffman,, et al., 2010, P. 2010). This can likewise impact the nature and quality cooperations that exist among representatives and clients. Qantas Airline servicescape methodology exists in a few business territories that suit client needs. To begin with, the carrier offers two one of a kind administrations Jetstar and Qantas which have various administrations. The client can pick any assistance as per the measure of cash that they have. Appointments should be possible online through an online entrance that empowers the client decide the flight that suits their necessities. With this, the client enters in the measure of cash that they have and permit the framework to pick a trip for them that fits the necessities that they have (Qantas, 2016, pp. 3). This improves productivity and guarantees that clients are helpfully served. As a major aspect of staying aware of innovation changes, the organization purchased the Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner that is being utilized by many flight organizations. This is the best trip in the market that gives clients quality assistance. As a major aspect of marking, the carrier refreshed its Kangaroo logo to adjust it to the new flights framework and give it another look to the client (World Airline News, 2016, pp. 4). The seats in the plane are intended to separate between the two classes of flights accessible. Further, the carrier is structured well with enough ventilation to give clients quality flights. Client holding up narrows are open permitting clients to stand by serenely without congestion. The aircraft recognizes the way that it has numerous clients who will swarm at the holding up cove. This is decreased through web based booking where clients can be educated regarding the specific time the flight is leaving to diminish holding up time and clog in the holding up inlet. Administration quality Administration quality analyzes the apparent desires for a client with the exhibition that they get while drawing in with a dealer or a provider. This meets the incentive for cash need of the client through guarantees that what they pay for is the thing that they receive(Ojasalo, 2010). As per Sultan Simpson Jr (2000, P. 190), associations, that reliably meet client quality desires have an expanded pace of bring clients back. Qantas carrier lines serve its clients through close to home consideration and helpful planning to address client issues. All clients are dealt with similarly paying little mind to the flight type that they are utilizing. The representatives have been enough prepared to guarantee that the administrations they offer are in accordance with Qantas culture to meet all the five elements of physical assets, unwavering quality, responsiveness, affirmation and compassion. Protest procedure and administration recuperation, Gripe taking care of and administration recuperation is a client maintenance device that can be utilized as an upper hand in the association (Bendall-Lyon L.Powers, 2001, P. 280) Qantas carrier accomplishes this through a built up client administrations program to guarantee that lost clients are recuperated. Through the client babble, clear procedures for taking care of issues have been set down. Further, clients have gotten to the jabber that shows what they expect when being served and how to bring whines up on the off chance that any of their privileges has been damaged (Qantas, 2016, pp. 3). A client input structure is utilized to give criticism reactions which are then broke down by the board and legitimate arrangements set up. Overseeing gracefully and request The board of gracefully and request is plan the board methodology that permits a business to adjust its assets against the requests of clients. This permits the business to address the issues of the client by setting up satisfactory techniques (Obeng Sakano, 2012, P. 43). For instance, a carrier needs to guarantee that the quantity of appointments don't surpass the accessible trips to limit blockage and deferrals. Flexibly the executives is accomplished through inbound and outbound coordinations that incorporates course determination, yield the board framework, flight booking, group planning and airplane procurement to guarantee that they address the issues of the association. The aircraft has an objective should be accomplished for business destinations. Request the executives is accomplished through versatile tasks that coordinate the interest with the flexibly to lessen framework bottlenecks. Request is overseen through flight the board systems that show accessible trips for the c lient. To limit overbooking, Qantas plans its flights with the goal that clients know when the following flight leaves to permit them plan well. Coordinated showcasing correspondences Coordinated showcasing correspondences usesmarketing procedures to streamline correspondence of the companys brands to its partners and improve the advantages of each channel (Vladmir,, et al., 2012, P. 142). Qantas embraced a coordinated advertising the executives stage to improve operational efficiencies and increment consumer loyalty. This permits joining of promoting tasks, crusade the executives, client information the board and showcasing examination to improve correspondences between the carrier and the client. This framework permits information and crusade to occur simultaneously through a computerized start to finish framework. This will along these lines lead to operational efficiencies that will decrease operational expenses. End Administration quality administration is a key segment of business achievement that each association must figure out how to manage. As a main carrier, Qantas has created administration quality administration methodologies that have seen the aircraft gotten one of the pioneers in Australian aircraft industry. References Bendall-Lyon, D. L.Powers, T., 2001. The Role of Complaint Management in the Service Recovery Process. The Joint Commission Journal on Quality Improvement, 27(5), pp. 278-286. Flieb, S. Kleinaltenkamp, M., 2004. Outline the Service Company: Managing Service Processes Efficiently. Diary of Business Research, 57(4), pp. 392-404. Hoffman, K. D., Bateson, J. E., Elliot, G. Birch, D., 2010. Administration Marketing. Ideas, Strategies and Cases. Asia-Pacific Edition ed. s.l.: Cengage Learning Australia. News, W. A., 2016. QANTAS revives its image and attire, discloses the up and coming Boeing 787-9 lodges. [Online] Available at:[Accessed October 2017]. Obeng, K. Sakano, R., 2012. Carrier admission and seat the executives systems with request reliance. Diary of Air Transport Management, pp. 42-48. Ojasalo, J., 2010. E-Service Quality: A Conceptual Model. Worldwide Journal of Arts and Sciences, 3(7), pp. 127-143. Qantas, 2016. Client Charter and Frequent Flyer Customer Commitment. [Online] Available at: sanction/worldwide/en [Accessed 11 October 2017]. Qantas, 2016. The Qantas bunch initially, s.l.: Qantas Airlines. King, F. Simpson Jr, M., 2000. Worldwide assistance variations: Airline traveler desires and view of administration quality. Diary of Services Marketing, 14(3), pp. 188-216. Vladmir, M., Miroslav, K. Papic, T., 2012. The need to change conventional incorporated showcasing specialized instruments and techiques to new worldwide patterns. Diary of Marketing Communications, 61(4), pp. 141-154.

Friday, August 21, 2020

Positive and Negative Reviews among the 34 Hotels-Free-Samples

Questions: 1.Explain which diary article you picked, and why you picked it. 2.Summarise the central matters of the article in your own words. 3.Consider the degree to which the proof introduced by the creators underpins the contentions that they have made, furnishing explanations behind your response. Answers: Presentation The article Responding to Online Reviews: Problem Solving and Engagement in Hotels is picked to chip away at this task. The idea of utilizing on the web surveys in co-making of the administration gave by the lodging will be centered around during the examination. Four contextual investigations chose in this exploration will feature the significant angles. 1.The article Responding to Online Reviews: Problem Solving and Engagement in Hotels by Sun-Young Park and Jonathan P. Allen was picked for this task. This is on the grounds that online surveys can be considered as significant in the accommodation business for better authoritative execution. It is smarter to accumulate input online on the grounds that it is substantially more powerful than direct criticism. It additionally conveys better legitimacy as the respondents are absent in front. The quick increment in the cordiality business and the extreme rivalry in the equivalent can be managed powerful critical thinking and drawing in workers. 2.There are sure regions, which the specific article has concentrated on. It was referenced in the article that online surveys have adjusted the purchaser dynamic in the neighborliness business. This revision was finished by making data accessible about the administration experience, for example, data about the lodgings and taxes are effectively accessible on the web. With the expanding significance of online surveys, a few inquires about have revealed its significance from the buyers viewpoints. At present, the chiefs of the accommodation business have thought of another disarray, on the off chance that it is required to react to online survey and the ways by which it very well may be finished. This article had concentrated on investigating about the online audit reactions in the top of the line rich lodgings. This particular class of inn was picked as the zone of enthusiasm for this exploration since they shed light on the individual consideration and individual collaborations, which is opposing to online correspondences. In this specific article, four-contextual analyses of grand and premium lodgings of the Western City in the US were chosen. Out of these four, two inns reacted decidedly while the other two didn't. The previous two inns reacted regularly about the online audits posted about their inn though the reactions from the other two were uncommon and unimportant. An examination was drawn between the contextual analyses to discover the procedures utilized in the extravagant lodgings to oversee online reactions and the explanations behind choosing those procedures. The investigation of the online reactions of every one of the 34-premium inns featured the extensive as sorted variety. The information introduced on the top of the line inns responded to both positive and negative surveys. From this article, it very well may be referenced that the discoveries of the exploration can be powerful for the cordiality directors to take viable choice with respect to their reaction to online audits. They can likewise concentrate on the choices accessible to them and the key issues that should be thought of. 3.The proof that was introduced by the creators was to some degree powerful in supporting the contentions since they didn't locate any past significant research on the online audit reaction of the organizations. Be that as it may, the tad of research done on the subject of online audit reactions drew out the two regions of online surveys from the clients viewpoints and the estimation of co-creation. Online audits have become a useful asset for the buyers to be utilized during the time spent dynamic. A writing survey had proposed that the observations and conduct of clients face the effect of online audit reaction though, it is reliant on the on the sort, reason and volume of audits. It was discovered in an examination paper the introduction of the clients to the online survey reactions have expanded the chance to remember the inns for their thought of dynamic. Another examination had concentrated on the positive connection between the normal audit rating and the offer of lodgings. Then again, as far as books, lower audit rating affected the book deal more than the digital books at the sites. It was additionally expressed that shoppers choice were influenced more by the nature of the survey as opposed to amount. The contention in regards to the agreeableness of online audit was centered around with the notice of the significant pretended in sharing data among the customers. The basic explanation can be the reason for mindfulness rather than straightforwardly influencing the buy choices. Online audits went about as a verbal data among the clients for expanding mindfulness and not for convincing evolving choice. Similarly, an all the more impressive impact of the online audit reaction in the less well known inns by the specialist organizations were not discovered. The effect of online survey reaction was painstakingly contended by the utilization of auxiliary sources which worried on the elective methods of obtaining data are nearly small. This may emphatically suggest on the inn business as critical in the purchaser dynamic. It very well may be recommended that the buyers ought not be considered as the uninvolved recipients of the value produced by the inns. Rather, they are the dynamic members in making the incentive by contributing with their own audits. Co-creation alludes to the double formation of significant worth by the organization and the buyer. It is a bogus thought that the associations attempt to satisfy the clients by evaluating the important administrations to the clients. The writing survey likewise centered around the requirements of including the partners to make worth by including cooperations among them. It was contended that new and inventive thoughts can be created to support up the experience and favorable circumstances of the considerable number of partners and the association will have the option to win upper hand from the consistent contribution of the individuals. End It very well may be finished up in the wake of assessing this specific article that the four contextual investigations of the lodgings were assembled to get some answers concerning their online survey reactions. There were both positive and negative surveys among the 34 lodgings that were contemplated. There were connection between's the size, positioning and administration nature of the inns that were chosen in this exploration Book index Park, S. Y., Allen, J. P. (2013). Reacting to online audits: Problem tackling and commitment in hotels.Cornell Hospitality Quarterly,54(1), 64-73.

Heroes And Heroines Essay

Generally, fantasies and other old stories have followed moderately severe sex job profiles. The legends or courageous women of the story all will in general be attractive or delightful, sympathetic and kind, which consistently wins out. In the interim the scoundrels and foes are legitimately inverse in genuineness, are appalling or agonizing in nature, which shows a reasonable complexity among themselves and the legend or courageous woman, and an ever-looming decisive misfortune toward the finish of the account. In the assessment of old stories, one can see that regular parts of sex jobs can be found in pretty much every fantasy at any point made. The Brothers Grimm are notable for their assortment of fantasies and old stories writing, a significant number of which mirror these sexual orientation jobs. An examination of three of their increasingly well known works; for the most part Rapunzel, Rumplestiltskin, and The Old Woman in the Wood, show clear sexual orientation jobs and impl y the point of view of the way of life where they were made. The narrative of Rapunzel mirrors a reasonable sexual orientation job generalization ordinarily found in fantasies and fables. Rapunzel is the vulnerable lady needing sparing, taken from her family and kept to a high pinnacle by the insidious Enchantress. The Prince would be viewed as the saint of this story, discovering Rapunzel caught in the pinnacle and plotting to assist her with getting away from her jail. In any case, the tale of Rapunzel is interesting because of the way that the Enchantress banishes Rapunzel to the desert to live in wretchedness for a mind-blowing remainder and cheats the Prince into getting caught in the pinnacle also. The Prince hops from the pinnacle and at last reunites with Rapunzel, where they live cheerfully ever after. The sexual orientation jobs of this story obviously mirror the excellent (yet very powerless) female needing sparing, just as the attractive saint acting the hero. In spite of the fact that the story goes ahead and the malevolence Dâ₠¬â„¢Amico 2 Conjurer, who follows nearly to the T a female fantasy scoundrel (Rapunzel can be cited in the tale as saying, â€Å"Tell me, woman gothel, how it happens that you are such a great amount of heavier for me to draw up than the youthful king’s son?† the saint Prince Rapunzel still discover satisfaction. Rumplestiltskin additionally shows clear complexity in sexual orientation jobs, with similarâ gender generalizations as the tale of Rapunzel. In this specific story the Miller’s Daughter could be viewed as the Heroine, where she turns into the Queen and neutralizes Rumplestiltskin to spare her kid. Be that as it may, despite the fact that the Queen assumes a compelling job in the story and at last outmaneuvers Rumplestiltskin, she despite everything falls into the sexual orientation generalization of a powerless female needing sparing. At the point when her dad brings her before the King and declares she can turn gold from straw, she is basically defenseless and anticipating capital punishment that disappointment would bring. Rumplstiltskin assumes an interesting job in the story be that as it may, playing both rescuer (in any event incidentally) and at last the reprobate. According to the sexual orientation standard in the story Rumplestiltskin clears in and spares the Miller’s Daughter by helping her turn the straw to gold and keeps her from death. Rumplestiltskin changes into the lowlife when he attempts to take the Queen’s youngster, loses his wager, and decimates himself in dissatisfaction. The account of The Old Woman in the Wood turns around the built up sexual orientation jobs and is moderately one of a kind in that the defenseless character in the specific story is one the peruser wouldn’t fundamentally anticipate. The poor hireling young lady assumes the job of the Heroine in this story, where she gets associated with the predicament of a bird while tediously going through the timberland. She opens a few parts of an extraordinary tree in help of a pigeon looking for her assistance, each time accepting things, for example, food, garments, and a bed. Eventually the bird requests that her assist one with enduring time by getting a little plain ring from the place of an elderly person with a broad assortment of rings in her home in the forested areas. The hireling young lady agrees and can get the ring from the elderly person, who sets up a somewhat huge battle, before coming back to the extraordinary tree. In the wake of inclining toward the tree, it changes into a Prince who discloses to her that he had been caught by the elderly person. â€Å"You have conveyed me from the intensity of the elderly person, who is an underhanded D’Amico witch.† The sexual orientation jobs are plainly characterized here, in spite of the fact that exchanged. The Prince in this story is the defenseless individual needing sparing and the Heroine is the person who, albeit accidentally, clears in to make all the difference from the detestable witch. Indeed, likewise with pretty much every story in old stories, the couple lives cheerfully ev ery after and the witch is beaten. In spite of the fact that sexual orientation jobs in old stories and culture can possibly switch, with the two guys and females satisfying the jobs of Heroes and Heroines, pretty much every story will in general follow a similar sex job rules. The (occasionally) attractive sovereign/male spares the defenseless female from the underhanded witch or conjurer, where they live joyfully ever after. Distributed in 1812, these accounts by the Brother’s Grimm were affected by the way of life of the timeframe, which is the thing that for the most part characterized the sex jobs in every story. It is imperative to recall that most fables, in spite of the fact that around for a long time, was adjusted to fit into cultural jobs in each culture. The narratives distributed in the 1800’s mirrored the social jobs of ladies in that society as oppressed homemakers (which is the reason most stories, in any event by the Brother’s Grimm, will in general give the female a role as docile and powerless); just as their expectations and yearnings for the future, which were common in many stories including Heroines or other correspondingly enabled ladies. Works Cited Carnegie Mellon School. â€Å"The Old Woman in The Wood.† N.p., Nov.n2004. Web. . Carnegie Mellon School. â€Å"Rumplestiltskin.† N.p., Nov. 2004. Web. . Carnegie Mellon School. â€Å"Rapunzel.† N.p., Nov. 2004. Web. .

Thursday, July 9, 2020

Characterization Examples

Characterization Examples Characterization Characterization-the author's method of developing the character so that we understand what he or she is like. Writers have many ways in which to develop the character. Direct Characterization refers to characterization methods by which the writer directly tells us what the character is like. This is done via direct statements by the writer regarding the personality of the character. Indirect Characterization refers to the other ways in which an author might reveal a character. We come to understand something about characters by reading about their thoughts, words, and deeds. We also learn about characters based on what other characters say or think about them. Finally, we can learn about a character's personality via the description of the character's appearance, home, job, etc. Examples of Characterization: 1. The author wants you to understand that a character is evil, so he writes a scene in which the character wears all black, keeps voodoo dolls in his basement, and steals money from a charity for children. 2. The author wants you to understand that a child has heroic capabilities, so she describes how the child was able to lift a large rock and throw it, able to run faster than all of the children in the school, and had a "sixth sense" about danger. Examples of Characterization from Literature and Film 1. In To Kill a Mockingbird, we learn that Scout is smart and perceptive for her age, but also sensitive when she goes to school able to read but the teacher is unhappy with her abilities and scolds her. 2. In The Hunger Games, we learn that Katniss is tender-hearted underneath all of her bravado-she takes her sister's place in the games and she refuses to kill Peeta. 3. In Harry Potter, Harry does not think he is anything special, so we learn a lot about Harry and how special he is to the battle between good and evil by how others react to him. 4. In Gone with the Wind, we learn that Scarlett has a strong will to survive when she is willing to marry Frank in order to save her family's plantation, Tara.

Thursday, July 2, 2020

The Reality of Aristocratic Facades - Literature Essay Samples

Jane Austen uses her novels to express her disdain for nineteenth century English marital practice. She herself defied convention by remaining single and earning a living through her writing. Austenà ¢Ã‚€Â™s novels, including Emma, Pride and Prejudice, and Persuasion, frequently feature an aristocratic heroine who is torn between marrying for love or for security. While Austenà ¢Ã‚€Â™s works do not call for a classless society, they do criticize the strict class stratificationsà ¢Ã‚€Â™ effects on marriages. Specifically, Austen laments that nineteenth century English women usually married within their own social class for convenience as opposed to love and that cross-class marriages were generally discouraged. In Persuasion, we meet Anne Elliot, a bright, attractive, upper-class woman who fell in love with a sailor, Captain Frederick Wentworth. However, Anne was successfully persuaded to reject Wentworth by her aristocratic family and friends, who failed to recogniz e Wentworthà ¢Ã‚€Â™s fine character and saw only his shallow pockets. The central conflict in Persuasion is that of appearance versus reality. Anne can certainly see the superficiality that surrounds her while at Kellynch Hall with her family; however, she allow others, namely Lady Russell and her sisters, to interpret what she sees and force her to act according to their wishes. Thus, Persuasion, like several other Austen novels, deals with a young womanà ¢Ã‚€Â™s coming of age. Anne is fully mature when she acts on her own desires and acknowledges that her newfound adulthood necessitates breaking away from her shallow and delusional family.Anne was raised in Kellynch Hall, a beautiful estate shrouded in prestige, wealth, and superficiality. Her father, Sir Walter Elliot, is a vain, foolish man, who spends his days rereading the Baronetage, a genealogy of the local aristocratic families. He values appearance over all depth of character; he refuses to associate with anyon e who is not physically pleasing. Admiral Croft, who rents Kellynch Hall, comically remarks on the extraordinary number of mirrors in Sir Walterà ¢Ã‚€Â™s dressing room: à ¢Ã‚€ÂÅ"I should think he must be rather a dressy man for his time of life. Such a number of looking-glasses! Oh Lord! There was no getting away from oneselfà ¢Ã‚€? (114-115). While in Bath, Sir Walter obsesses about the dearth of attractive women:He had frequently observed, as he walked, that one handsome face would be followed by thirty, or five and thirty frights; and once, as he had stood in a shop in Bond-street, he had counted eighty-seven women go by, one after another, without there being a tolerable face among them. (127)Such a fascination with outward appearance severely limits Sir Walterà ¢Ã‚€Â™s prospects of finding another wife or intelligent friends and keeps him ignorant and self-deluded.Two of Sir Walterà ¢Ã‚€Â™s daughters, Elizabeth and Mary, share his passion for appearance and rank. Mary, the wife of the moderately wealthy Charles Musgrove, believes that it is her duty and right to prevent her sister-in-law, Henrietta Musgrove, from marrying Charles Hayter, who is à ¢Ã‚€ÂÅ"nothing but a country curateà ¢Ã‚€? and would bring à ¢Ã‚€ÂÅ"bad connectionsà ¢Ã‚€? (68) to her family. Mary wants to end a relationship that will make Henrietta happy simply because she sees the union as a disgrace to the Elliot family: à ¢Ã‚€ÂÅ"It would be shocking to have Henrietta marry Charles Hayter; a very bad thing for her, and still worse for meà ¢Ã‚€? (69). Similarly, while in Bath, Elizabeth finds herself actually à ¢Ã‚€ÂÅ"sufferingà ¢Ã‚€? in order to preserve the Elliotsà ¢Ã‚€Â™ wealthy appearance: she wants desperately to invite the Musgroves to dinner at her house in Bath, but she cannot à ¢Ã‚€ÂÅ"bear to have the difference of style, the reduction of servants, which a dinner must betray, witnessed by those who had been always so i nferior to the Elliots at Kellynchà ¢Ã‚€? (193).Austen clearly uses the theme of appearance versus reality to characterize the three Elliot sisters. She evidently believes that how a character sees others is a direct reflection of that characterà ¢Ã‚€Â™s personality. Thus, we know that Anne Elliot possesses true depth of character and sincerity because her superficial family fails to recognize her fine qualities: à ¢Ã‚€ÂÅ"Anne, with an elegance of mind and sweetness of character, which must have placed her high with any people of real understanding, was nobody with either father or sister: her word had no weight; her convenience was always to give wayà ¢Ã‚€? (7). Anne is clearly the only Elliot who can à ¢Ã‚€ÂÅ"see realityà ¢Ã‚€?: she understands her familyà ¢Ã‚€Â™s need to economize, laments the à ¢Ã‚€ÂÅ"elegant stupidityà ¢Ã‚€? (160) of the lavish parties that her family attends in Bath, and recognizes Maryà ¢Ã‚€Â™s frequent sickness as a call for attention. However, Anne initially suffers from great family loyalty, and is thus unable to distance herself from her superficial kin. She allows Mary to drag her to Uppercross cottage because Elizabeth reasons, à ¢Ã‚€ÂÅ"nobody will want [Anne] in Bathà ¢Ã‚€? (30). When she does arrive in Bath, Anne follows Sir Walter and Elizabeth to various upper-class social gatherings and shows great respect to her cousin Lady Dalrymple, whom Anne really views as a foolish noble. Anneà ¢Ã‚€Â™s maturity is thus evident when she rejects Lady Dalyrmpleà ¢Ã‚€Â™s dinner invitation in favor of visiting her old and widowed friend, Mrs. Smith, whom her father views as à ¢Ã‚€ÂÅ"low companyà ¢Ã‚€? and a à ¢Ã‚€ÂÅ"disgusting associationà ¢Ã‚€? (140).In being Anneà ¢Ã‚€Â™s genuine friend, Mrs. Smith hastens Anneà ¢Ã‚€Â™s departure from the superficial world of Kellynch Hall and acts as Lady Russellà ¢Ã‚€Â™s character foil. Unlike her shallow father and sisters, Anne is able to see past Mrs. Smithà ¢Ã‚€Â™s shabby apartment and recognize the sweet person within. Mrs. Smith gradually begins to replace Lady Russell as Anneà ¢Ã‚€Â™s confidant because Lady Russell places so much stock in à ¢Ã‚€ÂÅ"rank and consequenceà ¢Ã‚€? (12), that she is à ¢Ã‚€ÂÅ"blindedà ¢Ã‚€Â ¦to the faults of those who possessed themà ¢Ã‚€? (12). Lady Russell is an appropriately overbearing advisor to the insecure and obedient Anne that we meet initially. Anne allows Lady Russell to persuade her to reject Frederick Wentworth on the basis of his poor appearance and dearth of à ¢Ã‚€ÂÅ"connexionsà ¢Ã‚€? (24). Moreover, Anne is encouraged to continue seeing William Elliot because Lady Russell fails to see his deception and instead believes he has à ¢Ã‚€ÂÅ"knowledge of the worldà ¢Ã‚€? and a à ¢Ã‚€ÂÅ"warm heartà ¢Ã‚€? (131). Mrs. Smith, however, proves to be a better confidant because she sees through Williamà ¢Ã ‚€Â™s affected kindness and exposes his true intentions to Anne, thus preventing a potentially disastrous and unhappy marriage for Anne. After Mrs. Smith tells Anne of Williamà ¢Ã‚€Â™s desire to marry for a noble title, Anne reflects on Mrs. Smithà ¢Ã‚€Â™s ability to accurately gauge character: à ¢Ã‚€ÂÅ"Here is a line for seeing human nature; and she has a fund of good sense and observation which, as a companion, make her infinitely superior to thousands of those who having only received à ¢Ã‚€Â˜the best education in the world,à ¢Ã‚€Â™ know nothing worth attending toà ¢Ã‚€? (139). Anneà ¢Ã‚€Â™s transformation into a mature, self-governing woman, complete with a sincere friend, is clear when she acknowledges that she herself is sometimes a better judge of true character than Lady Russell is: à ¢Ã‚€ÂÅ"There is a quickness of perception in some, a nicety in discernment of character, a natural penetration, in short, which no experience in oth ers can equal, and Lady Russell had been less gifted in this part of understanding than her young friendà ¢Ã‚€? (219).Anneà ¢Ã‚€Â™s developing maturity, marked by her continued visits to Mrs. Smith and rejection of William Elliot, is brought to fruition by Wentworthà ¢Ã‚€Â™s declaration of love for her. As a character foil to the deceptive William Elliot, Wentworth genuinely wants Anne to be happy in marriage. When Wentworth first arrives at Uppercross, Anne is terrified, yet secretly delighted to see him again. Her continued love for him is evidenced by her frequent reflections on their past à ¢Ã‚€ÂÅ"hearts so openà ¢Ã‚€Â ¦tastes so similarà ¢Ã‚€Â ¦feelings so in unisonà ¢Ã‚€Â ¦countenances so belovedà ¢Ã‚€? (57). Moreover, she is mortified by their current estrangement: à ¢Ã‚€ÂÅ"his cold politeness, his ceremonious grace, were worse than any thingà ¢Ã‚€? (65). Even though Wentworth has become a prominent member of the Navy and amassed a sub stantial fortune, Anne still resigns herself to Lady Russellà ¢Ã‚€Â™s decision and does not pursue him. She consequently endures his growing affection for Louisa Musgrove and her own inability to change his view of her as one à ¢Ã‚€ÂÅ"so altered that he should not have known her againà ¢Ã‚€? (55). Wentworthà ¢Ã‚€Â™s passionate love letter, however, which declares to Anne, à ¢Ã‚€ÂÅ"you pierce my soul,à ¢Ã‚€? (209) stimulates Anne to mature. For the first time in almost eight years, Anne feels complete, à ¢Ã‚€ÂÅ"overpowering happinessà ¢Ã‚€? (209). Instead of falling prey to her self-described à ¢Ã‚€ÂÅ"timidityà ¢Ã‚€? and à ¢Ã‚€ÂÅ"feebleness of character,à ¢Ã‚€? (55) Anne decides to act on her own desires and according to her own principles by marrying Wentworth because she loves him.The discrepancy between appearance and reality that resonates through Persuasion gives rise to another theme common to Austenà ¢Ã‚€Â™s novels: the corr upting effects of wealth. Characters in Austenà ¢Ã‚€Â™s works who possess excessive, inherited wealth, such as Sir Walter Elliot, often suffer from megalomania. However, Austen distinguishes between the heir, represented in Persuasion by Sir Walter Elliot and William Elliot, and the self-made man, represented by the men of the Navy. Captain Wentworth, Admiral Croft, Captain Benwick, and Captain Harville are all incredibly kind and genuine men. In contrast to Sir Walterà ¢Ã‚€Â™s insistence that the tenant of Kellynch Hall not use his à ¢Ã‚€ÂÅ"pleasure-groundsà ¢Ã‚€? (18), Captain Harville opens his house up to the entire Musgrove party after Louisaà ¢Ã‚€Â™s accident. Austenà ¢Ã‚€Â™s harsh portrayal of male aristocrats may stem from her own somewhat feminist views on women and marriage. She clearly believed that women are as intelligent and capable as men are. Thus, she was undoubtedly appalled at the nineteenth century English law passing all inheritanc e to a male heir. Persuasion, then, may mark Austenà ¢Ã‚€Â™s attempts to marry her own radical views on women and marriage with those of the nineteenth century feminist movement.

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Definition and Examples of Putative Should in English

In English grammar, putative should is the use of the word should in contexts that indicate surprise or disbelief, or that refer to the occurrence (or possible occurrence) of some situation or event. This usage differs from the should of obligation (i.e., the mandative should). As noted by Randolph Quirk et al., putative should (also called emotional should) occurs in that clauses after expressions of emotion (sorrow, joy, displeasure, surprise, wonder, etc.), and is often accompanied by intensifying expressions such as so, such, like this/that, ever, or at all (A Comprehensive Grammar, 1985). In addition, putative should  occurs in subordinate clauses as an alternative to the subjunctive after expressions of suggesting, advising, etc.: They insisted that I (should) stay the whole week (Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar, 1994). Putative should is more common in British English than in American English. Also Known  As:  emotional  should, attitudinal  should, hypothetical  should, subjunctive  should Examples Major Green gently nodded and then briefly glanced through the same porthole, behind which the Earth lay static and diminutive, no bigger than an average football. The oddest thing for me is that people should be living there at all! he exclaimed on a softly humorous note. (John OLoughlin, Millennial Projections, 1983)It is surprising that you should find this practice shocking, since you French cut off the heads of your King and Queen. (Rebecca West, Black Lamb and Grey Falcon: A Journey Through Yugoslavia, 1941)I know its a little strange, a little bit of a contradiction, that a far-seeing place should also be a basement place, but thats how it is with me. (Stephen King, Stephen King, On Writing: A Memoir of the Craft. Scribner, 2000)It seems a great shame you should have to pay for what Albert and Clara did. (Arnold Bennett, These Twain, 1915)It is sad that you should talk such nonsense, and sadder that I should have to listen.(Ferdinand Canning Scott Schiller, Studies in Humanism , 1912)Peter Walsh, who had done just respectably, filled the usual posts adequately, was liked, but thought a little cranky, gave himself airs—it was odd that he should have had, especially now that his hair was grey, a contented look; a look of having reserves. (Virginia Woolf, Mrs. Dalloway, 1925) Adjectives With Putative Should The adjectives anxious, eager, and willing are followed by a that-clause with putative should or the subjunctive. Adjectives expressing concepts concerned with modality or volition (Quirk et al 1985: 1224) also belong to this group. Examples are appropriate, essential, important, vital. Adjectives which can be followed by a verb phrase in the that-clause with either an indicative verb phrase or one with putative should express emotions. Examples are afraid, angry, hopeful, inconceivable, odd, sad, sorry, surprised, surprising. (Ilka Mindt, Adjective Complementation: An Empirical Analysis of Adjectives Followed by That-Clauses. John Benjamins, 2011) Factual Should In most of its uses, should is to be found in contexts which are either counterfactual (as in You should be in your office at this time of day, which presupposes ...but you are not in your office) or tentative (as in You should give up smoking, which contains a presupposition approximately paraphrasable as ...but Im not sure you will give up smoking). In some cases, however, should is used in contexts which—at least apparently—contain no negative implication. These contexts, which may be called factual, seem to contradict the hypothesis that -ed always expresses a presupposition of unreality. (Most factual uses of should concern what is often called putative should—see, for instance, Quirk et al...The coincidence of the two categories, however, is only partial.) (Paul Larreya, Irrealis, Past Time Reference and Modality. Modality in Contemporary English, ed. by Roberta Facchinetti, Manfred G. Krug, and Frank Robert Palmer. Walter de Gruyter, 2003) Jespersen on Emotional Should We may use the term emotional should for the use of should in passing a judgment of an emotional character (agreeable or disagreeable surprise, indignation, joy) on some occurrence which may, or may not, be a fact. A sentence like Why was the date omitted? is a mere factual question, but Why should the date of the document be omitted? implies wonder and, possibly, some suspicion of the purity of the motives. Compare further: Where the divell should he learne our language? (Sh.). Why should they try to influence him? [I see no reason] Someone asking for you. Who should ask for me? Similarly, these examples show use in clauses: It is not good that the man should be alone (AV). It was quite natural that the Russians should hate their oppressors. Why should she have done so, I can hardly tell. It is strange that she married (or has married) such an old man merely states the fact; It is strange that she should have married such an old man lays more stress on the strangeness by using the imaginative should in the clause. (Otto Jespersen, Essentials of English Grammar. George Allan Unwin, 1933) Also See Conditional Clause  and  Conditional SentenceConfused Words:  Should  and  Would